PakStudy :Yours Study Matters

Study Abroad => Study Abroad => Topic started by: علم دوست on October 15, 2008, 09:23:04 PM

Title: TOEIC
Post by: علم دوست on October 15, 2008, 09:23:04 PM
Test of English for International Communication (TOEIC) measures the ability of non-native English-speaking examinees to use English in everyday workplace activities.
Title: TOEIC Overview
Post by: علم دوست on October 15, 2008, 09:26:14 PM

TOEIC Overview

The Test of English for International Communication™ (TOEIC) is "an English language test designed specifically to measure the everyday English skills of people working in an international environment." ETS

It is a two-hour multiple-choice test test consisting of 200 questions divided into 100 questions each in listening comprehension and reading comprehension. Each candidate receives independent scores for written and oral comprehension on a scale from 5 to 495 points. The total score adds up to a scale from 10 to 990 points. The TOEIC certificate exists in five colours, corresponding to achieved results :

    *       orange (10-215)
    *       brown (220-465)
    *       green (470-725)
    *       blue (730-855)
    *       gold (860-990)

Title: TOEIC History
Post by: علم دوست on October 15, 2008, 09:30:01 PM
TOEIC History

The Educational Testing Service (ETS) in the USA developed the TOEIC test based on its academic ETS counterpart, the TOEFL test, following a request from Japan's Keidanren (Japan Federation of Economic Organizations; 経団連) in conjunction with the Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI; 通商産業省; 通産省), which is today's Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI; 経済産業省; 経産省). The Asahi Shimbun national daily's evening edition [1] interviewed Yasuo Kitaoka (北岡靖男 Kitaoka Yasuo) who was the central figure of the Japanese team that conceived the basic idea of the TOEIC test. ETS's major competitor is Cambridge University, which administers the IELTS, FCE, and CAE.

A new version of the TOEIC was released in 2006. The changes can be summarized as follows:

    * Overall, passages have become longer.
    * Part 1 has fewer questions involving photo descriptions.
    * The Listening Section hires not only North American English speakers but also British, Australian and New Zealand English speakers. The ratio is 25% each for American, Canadian, British and Australian-New Zealand pronunciation [2].
    * Part 6 no longer contains the error spotting task, which has been criticized as unrealistic in a corporate environment. This part instead adopts the task wherein the test taker fills in the blanks in incomplete sentences.
    * Part 7 contains not only single passage questions but also double passage questions wherein the test taker has to read and compare the two related passages such as e-mail correspondence.

According to a survey [3] conducted in 2006 by the Institute for International Business Communication (財団法人 国際ビジネスコミュニケーション協会, Zaidanhōjin Kokusai Bijinesu Komyunikēshon Kyōkai?), 56.8% of the respondents who took both the older and the renewed versions of the TOEIC test in Japan find the latter version more difficult. The lower score the test taker achieves, the more marked this tendency becomes. As many as 85.6% of those who earned scores ranging from 10 to 395 points find the renewed TOEIC test more difficult, while 69.9% of those who earned 400 to 495 points think this way, so do 59.3% of those who earned 500 to 595 points. Among those who achieved 600 to 695 points 58.9% find so, 700 to 795 points 48.6%, 800 to 895 points 47.9%, and 900 to 990 points 39.8%.

In 2007 added speaking and writing tests, and made some changes to the reading and listening test as well that de-emphasized knowledge of grammatical rules.
Title: TOEIC in Japan
Post by: علم دوست on October 15, 2008, 09:35:21 PM

TOEIC in Japan

The Institute for International Business Communication (財団法人 国際ビジネスコミュニケーション協会, Zaidanhōjin Kokusai Bijinesu Komyunikēshon Kyōkai?) operates the TOEIC test in Japan, where a total of nearly 1.5 million people take the test per year. There are two ways to take the TOEIC test proper. One is called the TOEIC SP Test (Secure Program Test; 公開テスト, Kōkai Tesuto?), in which one can take the test either individually or in a group on specified dates at a test centre specified by the TOEIC Steering Committee. The other is the TOEIC IP Test (Institutional Program Test; 団体特別受験制度, Dantai Tokubetsu Juken Seido?), in which an organization (a corporate body or an educational institution) can choose the date and administer the test at their convenience in accordance with the TOEIC Steering Committee. The TOEIC SP Test was renewed on May 2006, the TOEIC IP Test in April 2007 in line with the SP Test. More and more companies use TOEIC scores for personnel assessment instead of the homegrown STEP Eiken test organized by the Society for Testing English Proficiency (STEP) (日本英語検定協会主催実用英語技能検定試験「英検」, Nihon Eigo Kentei Kyōkai Shusai Jitsuyō Eigo Ginō Kentei Shiken "Eiken"?). The TOEIC Speaking Test / Writing Test started on Sunday 21st January 2007 in addition to the TOEIC SP Test and the TOEIC IP Test [4].
Title: TOEIC in the Republic of Korea
Post by: علم دوست on October 15, 2008, 09:37:11 PM
TOEIC in the Republic of Korea

Towards the end of 2005, there was a shift in South Korea, regarded as the second biggest consumer of TOEIC [5], or rather the biggest in terms of per capita consumption, away from the test as a measure of English ability on the corporate level. As noted in The Chosun Ilbo (조선일보; 朝鮮日報; Korea Daily Reports) national daily[6], a number of major corporations have either removed or reduced the required TOEIC score for employment. An official from the Industrial Bank of Korea (IBK; Kiup Bank; 기업은행; 中小企業銀行) says, "TOEIC isn't an appropriate indicator of actual English skills." Another English proficiency test, TEPS, has been developed and is being adopted by more and more Korean companies. TOEIC can be taken starting from the age of 17.
Title: TOEIC in Europe
Post by: علم دوست on October 15, 2008, 09:38:20 PM
TOEIC in Europe

In France, some Grandes écoles require a TOEIC score of at least 750 to award the diploma. This policy has been criticized, as it makes state-awarded diplomas dependent on a private institution--despite the fact that it was not the private institution that set the 750 mark but a recommendation from the Commission des Titres d'Ingénieurs indicating a B2+ level on the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages. If the student cannot achieve a 750 mark, he/she is offered to validate his/her diploma by other means in most of the schools. Some institutions delay the diploma for one year after the end of the studies in that case.

In Greece, TOEIC is accepted by ASEP, the organisation which is responsible for hiring new employees to work for the government.
Title: TOEIC Bridge
Post by: علم دوست on October 15, 2008, 09:40:13 PM
TOEIC Bridge

ETS also administers a simplified version of the TOEIC test called TOEIC Bridge. The TOEIC Bridge test targets beginning and intermediate speakers and consists of 100 multiple-choice questions, requiring about one hour of testing time.