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MBBS IN RUSSIA

Offline kulachi

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MBBS IN RUSSIA
« on: August 15, 2008, 11:06:32 PM »
study MBBS and Engineering In RUSSIA
WHO and IMED RECOGNIZED UNIVERSITIES
NO IELTS OR TOEFL is required.
No Entry Test.
SEPTEMBER 2008 INTAKE!!!
FEE structure
MBBS in English medium
from  250000 Pak rupees to 600,000 pak rupees per year with hostel+ books
depends on university
MBBS in RUSSIAN medium
150,000 to 450,000 pak rupees per year with hostel+books

ENGINEERING IN ENGLISH MEDIUM:
250,000 to 500,000 pak rupees.
ENGINEERING IN RUSSIAN MEDIUM:
150,000 to 400,000 pak rupees

 1 year russia language course
80,000 to 200,000 pak rupees with hostel+books

MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS:
1. Fsc pre medical  above 60 % marks
2. age not more than 25 y on the date of application.

Students waiting results also can apply if they are sure to get above 60 % marks

TO GET ADMISSION PLEASE SEND YOUR SCANNED COPY OF PASSPORT AND RESULT CARD
IF STUDENT ARE WAITING RESULT THEN SEND ONLY PASSPORT COPY.
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Offline iram

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Study IN RUSSIA / About Russia
« Reply #1 on: January 09, 2009, 08:13:24 PM »
Study IN RUSSIA / About Russia
Russia


Geography     Russia
Location:
   Northern Asia (the area west of the Urals is considered part of Europe), bordering the Arctic Ocean, between Europe and the North Pacific Ocean
Geographic coordinates:
60 00 N, 100 00 E

Map references:
Asia

Area:

total: 17,075,200 sq km
land: 16,995,800 sq km
water: 79,400 sq km
Area - comparative:
approximately 1.8 times the size of the US
Land boundaries:
   total: 20,241.5 km
border countries: Azerbaijan 284 km, Belarus 959 km, China (southeast) 3,605 km, China (south) 40 km, Estonia 290 km, Finland 1,313 km, Georgia 723 km, Kazakhstan 6,846 km, North Korea 17.5 km, Latvia 292 km, Lithuania (Kaliningrad Oblast) 227 km, Mongolia 3,441 km, Norway 196 km, Poland (Kaliningrad Oblast) 432 km, Ukraine 1,576 km
Coastline:
   37,653 km
Maritime claims:
   territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Climate:
   ranges from steppes in the south through humid continental in much of European Russia; subarctic in Siberia to tundra climate in the polar north; winters vary from cool along Black Sea coast to frigid in Siberia; summers vary from warm in the steppes to cool along Arctic coast
Terrain:
   broad plain with low hills west of Urals; vast coniferous forest and tundra in Siberia; uplands and mountains along southern border regions
Elevation extremes:
   lowest point: Caspian Sea -28 m
highest point: Gora El'brus 5,633 m
Natural resources:
   wide natural resource base including major deposits of oil, natural gas, coal, and many strategic minerals, timber
note: formidable obstacles of climate, terrain, and distance hinder exploitation of natural resources
Land use:
   arable land: 7.17%
permanent crops: 0.11%
other: 92.72% (2005)
Irrigated land:
   46,000 sq km (2003)
Total renewable water resources:
   4,498 cu km (1997)
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
   total: 76.68 cu km/yr (19%/63%/18%)
per capita: 535 cu m/yr (2000)
Natural hazards:
   permafrost over much of Siberia is a major impediment to development; volcanic activity in the Kuril Islands; volcanoes and earthquakes on the Kamchatka Peninsula; spring floods and summer/autumn forest fires throughout Siberia and parts of European Russia
Environment - current issues:
   air pollution from heavy industry, emissions of coal-fired electric plants, and transportation in major cities; industrial, municipal, and agricultural pollution of inland waterways and seacoasts; deforestation; soil erosion; soil contamination from improper application of agricultural chemicals; scattered areas of sometimes intense radioactive contamination; groundwater contamination from toxic waste; urban solid waste management; abandoned stocks of obsolete pesticides
Environment - international agreements:
   party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Sulfur 94
Geography - note:
   largest country in the world in terms of area but unfavorably located in relation to major sea lanes of the world; despite its size, much of the country lacks proper soils and climates (either too cold or too dry) for agriculture; Mount El'brus is Europe's tallest peak
People    Russia
Population:
   140,702,096 (July 2008 est.)
Age structure:
   0-14 years: 14.6% (male 10,577,858/female 10,033,254)
15-64 years: 71.2% (male 48,187,807/female 52,045,102)
65 years and over: 14.1% (male 6,162,400/female 13,695,673) (2008 est.)
Median age:
   total: 38.3 years
male: 35.1 years
female: 41.4 years (2008 est.)
Population growth rate:
   -0.474% (2008 est.)
Birth rate:
   11.03 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Death rate:
   16.06 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Net migration rate:
   0.28 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008 est.)
Sex ratio:
   at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.93 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.45 male(s)/female
total population: 0.8225 male(s)/female (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
   total: 10.81 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 12.34 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 9.18 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
   total population: 65.94 years
male: 59.19 years
female: 73.1 years (2008 est.)
Total fertility rate:
   1.4 children born/woman (2008 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
   1.1% (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
   860,000 (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
   9,000 (2001 est.)
Major infectious diseases:
   degree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea and hepatitis A
vectorborne disease: Crimean Congo hemorrhagic fever and tickborne encephalitis
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2008)
Nationality:
   noun: Russian(s)
adjective: Russian
Ethnic groups:
   Russian 79.8%, Tatar 3.8%, Ukrainian 2%, Bashkir 1.2%, Chuvash 1.1%, other or unspecified 12.1% (2002 census)
Religions:
   Russian Orthodox 15-20%, Muslim 10-15%, other Christian 2% (2006 est.)
note: estimates are of practicing worshipers; Russia has large populations of non-practicing believers and non-believers, a legacy of over seven decades of Soviet rule
Languages:
   Russian, many minority languages
Literacy:
   definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.4%
male: 99.7%
female: 99.2% (2002 census)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
   total: 14 years
male: 13 years
female: 14 years (2006)
Education expenditures:
   3.8% (2005)
Government    Russia
Country name:
   conventional long form: Russian Federation
conventional short form: Russia
local long form: Rossiyskaya Federatsiya
local short form: Rossiya
former: Russian Empire, Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic
Government type:
   federation
Capital:
   name: Moscow
geographic coordinates: 55 45 N, 37 35 E
time difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
note: Russia is divided into 11 time zones
Administrative divisions:
   46 oblasts (oblastey, singular - oblast), 21 republics (respublik, singular - respublika), 4 autonomous okrugs (avtonomnykh okrugov, singular - avtonomnyy okrug), 9 krays (krayev, singular - kray), 2 federal cities (goroda, singular - gorod), and 1 autonomous oblast (avtonomnaya oblast')
oblasts: Amur (Blagoveshchensk), Arkhangel'sk, Astrakhan', Belgorod, Bryansk, Chelyabinsk, Irkutsk, Ivanovo, Kaliningrad, Kaluga, Kemerovo, Kirov, Kostroma, Kurgan, Kursk, Leningrad, Lipetsk, Magadan, Moscow, Murmansk, Nizhniy Novgorod, Novgorod, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Orenburg, Orel, Penza, Pskov, Rostov, Ryazan', Sakhalin (Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk), Samara, Saratov, Smolensk, Sverdlovsk (Yekaterinburg), Tambov, Tomsk, Tula, Tver', Tyumen', Ul'yanovsk, Vladimir, Volgograd, Vologda, Voronezh, Yaroslavl'
republics: Adygeya (Maykop), Altay (Gorno-Altaysk), Bashkortostan (Ufa), Buryatiya (Ulan-Ude), Chechnya (Groznyy), Chuvashiya (Cheboksary), Dagestan (Makhachkala), Ingushetiya (Magas), Kabardino-Balkariya (Nal'chik), Kalmykiya (Elista), Karachayevo-Cherkesiya (Cherkessk), Kareliya (Petrozavodsk), Khakasiya (Abakan), Komi (Syktyvkar), Mariy-El (Yoshkar-Ola), Mordoviya (Saransk), North Ossetia (Vladikavkaz), Sakha [Yakutiya] (Yakutsk), Tatarstan (Kazan'), Tyva (Kyzyl), Udmurtiya (Izhevsk)
autonomous okrugs: Chukotka (Anadyr'), Khanty-Mansi (Khanty-Mansiysk), Nenets (Nar'yan-Mar), Yamalo-Nenets (Salekhard)
krays: Altay (Barnaul), Kamchatka (Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy), Khabarovsk, Krasnodar, Krasnoyarsk, Perm', Primorsk (Vladivostok), Stavropol', Zabaykal'skiy (Chita)
federal cities: Moscow (Moskva), Saint Petersburg (Sankt-Peterburg)
autonomous oblast: Yevrey [Jewish] (Birobidzhan)
note: administrative divisions have the same names as their administrative centers (exceptions have the administrative center name following in parentheses)
Independence:
   24 August 1991 (from Soviet Union)
National holiday:
   Russia Day, 12 June (1990)
Constitution:
   adopted 12 December 1993
Legal system:
   based on civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Suffrage:
   18 years of age; universal
Executive branch:
   chief of state: President Dmitriy Anatolyevich MEDVEDEV (since 7 May 2008)
head of government: Premier Vladimir Vladimirovich PUTIN (since 8 May 2008); First Deputy Premiers Igor Ivanovich SHUVALOV and Viktor Alekseyevich ZUBKOV (since 12 May 2008); Deputy Premiers Sergey Borisovich IVANOV (since 12 May 2008), Aleksey Leonidovich KUDRIN (since 24 September 2007), Igor Ivanovich SECHIN (since 12 May 2008), Sergey Semenovich SOBYANIN (since 12 May 2008), and Aleksandr Dmitriyevich ZHUKOV (since 9 March 2004)
cabinet: Ministries of the Government or "Government" composed of the premier and his deputies, ministers, and selected other individuals; all are appointed by the president
note: there is also a Presidential Administration (PA) that provides staff and policy support to the president, drafts presidential decrees, and coordinates policy among government agencies; a Security Council also reports directly to the president
elections: president elected by popular vote for a four-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held 2 March 2008 (next to be held in March 2012); note - no vice president; if the president dies in office, cannot exercise his powers because of ill health, is impeached, or resigns, the premier serves as acting president until a new presidential election is held, which must be within three months; premier appointed by the president with the approval of the Duma
election results: Dmitriy MEDVEDEV elected president; percent of vote - Dmitry MEDVEDEV 70.2%, Gennady ZYUGANOV 17.7%, Vladimir ZHIRINOVSKY 9.4%
Legislative branch:
   bicameral Federal Assembly or Federalnoye Sobraniye consists of the Federation Council or Sovet Federatsii (168 seats; as of July 2000, members appointed by the top executive and legislative officials in each of the 84 federal administrative units - oblasts, krays, republics, autonomous okrugs and oblasts, and the federal cities of Moscow and Saint Petersburg; to serve four-year terms) and the State Duma or Gosudarstvennaya Duma (450 seats; as of 2007, all members elected by proportional representation from party lists winning at least 7% of the vote; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
elections: State Duma - last held 2 December 2007 (next to be held in December 2011)
election results: State Duma - United Russia 64.3%, CPRF 11.5%, LDPR 8.1%, JR 7.7%, other 8.4%; total seats by party - United Russia 315, CPRF 57, LDPR 40, JR 38
Judicial branch:
   Constitutional Court; Supreme Court; Supreme Arbitration Court; judges for all courts are appointed for life by the Federation Council on the recommendation of the president
Political parties and leaders:
   Agrarian Party [Vladimir PLOTNIKOV]; A Just Russia or JR [Sergey MIRONOV] (formed from the merger of three small political parties: Rodina (Motherland), Pensioners Party, and Party of Life); Civic Force [Mikhail BARSHCHEVSKIY]; Communist Party of the Russian Federation or CPRF [Gennadiy Andreyevich ZYUGANOV]; Democratic Party [Andrey BOGDANOV]; Green Party [Anatoliy PANFILOV]; Liberal Democratic Party of Russia or LDPR [Vladimir Volfovich ZHIRINOVSKIY]; Party of Russia's Rebirth [Gennadiy SELEZNEV]; Patriots of Russia [Gennadiy SEMIGIN]; Peace and Unity Party [Sazhi UMALATOVA]; People's Union [Sergey BABURIN]; Social Justice Party [Arkadiy GAYDAMAK]; Union of Right Forces or SPS [Nikita BELYKH]; United Russia or UR [Boris Vyacheslavovich GRYZLOV]; Yabloko Party [Grigoriy Alekseyevich YAVLINSKIY]
Political pressure groups and leaders:
   Levada Center (conducts polls); Memorial (human rights group; Movement Against Illegal Migration; Pamjat (preservation of historical monuments and recording of history); Russian Orthrodox Church; Russian-Chechen Friendship Society
other: ecology groups; human rights groups; nationalist pragmatists (no foreign influence over Central Eurasia); neo-Eurasianists (against Western influence for the area); religious groups; westernizers (lean towards the West)
International organization participation:
   APEC, Arctic Council, ARF, ASEAN (dialogue partner), BIS, BSEC, CBSS, CE, CERN (observer), CIS, CSTO, EAEC, EAPC, EBRD, G-8, GCTU, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt (signatory), ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, LAIA (observer), MIGA, MINURSO, NAM (guest), NSG, OAS (observer), OIC (observer), OPCW, OSCE, Paris Club, PCA, PFP, SCO, UN, UN Security Council, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNITAR, UNMEE, UNMIL, UNMIS, UNOCI, UNOMIG, UNTSO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO (observer), ZC
Diplomatic representation in the US:
   chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Alexander N. DARCHIEV
chancery: 2650 Wisconsin Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20007
telephone: [1] (202) 298-5700, 5701, 5704, 5708
FAX: [1] (202) 298-5735
consulate(s) general: Houston, New York, San Francisco, Seattle
Diplomatic representation from the US:
   chief of mission: Ambassador William J. BURNS
embassy: Bolshoy Deviatinskiy Pereulok No. 8, 121099 Moscow
mailing address: PSC-77, APO AE 09721
telephone: [7] (495) 728-5000
FAX: [7] (495) 728-5090
consulate(s) general: Saint Petersburg, Vladivostok, Yekaterinburg
Flag description:
   three equal horizontal bands of white (top), blue, and red
Economy    Russia
Economy - overview:
   Russia ended 2007 with its ninth straight year of growth, averaging 7% annually since the financial crisis of 1998. Although high oil prices and a relatively cheap ruble initially drove this growth, since 2003 consumer demand and, more recently, investment have played a significant role. Over the last six years, fixed capital investments have averaged real gains greater than 10% per year and personal incomes have achieved real gains more than 12% per year. During this time, poverty has declined steadily and the middle class has continued to expand. Russia has also improved its international financial position since the 1998 financial crisis. The federal budget has run surpluses since 2001 and ended 2007 with a surplus of about 3% of GDP. Over the past several years, Russia has used its stabilization fund based on oil taxes to prepay all Soviet-era sovereign debt to Paris Club creditors and the IMF. Foreign debt is approximately one-third of GDP. The state component of foreign debt has declined, but commercial debt to foreigners has risen strongly. Oil export earnings have allowed Russia to increase its foreign reserves from $12 billion in 1999 to some $470 billion at yearend 2007, the third largest reserves in the world. During President PUTIN's first administration, a number of important reforms were implemented in the areas of tax, banking, labor, and land codes. These achievements have raised business and investor confidence in Russia's economic prospects, with foreign direct investment rising from $14.6 billion in 2005 to approximately $45 billion in 2007. In 2007, Russia's GDP grew 8.1%, led by non-tradable services and goods for the domestic market, as opposed to oil or mineral extraction and exports. Rising inflation returned in the second half of 2007, driven largely by unsterilized capital inflows and by rising food costs, and approached 12% by year-end. In 2006, Russia signed a bilateral market access agreement with the US as a prelude to possible WTO entry, and its companies are involved in global merger and acquisition activity in the oil and gas, metals, and telecom sectors. Despite Russia's recent success, serious problems persist. Oil, natural gas, metals, and timber account for more than 80% of exports and 30% of government revenues, leaving the country vulnerable to swings in world commodity prices. Russia's manufacturing base is dilapidated and must be replaced or modernized if the country is to achieve broad-based economic growth. The banking system, while increasing consumer lending and growing at a high rate, is still small relative to the banking sectors of Russia's emerging market peers. Political uncertainties associated with this year's power transition, corruption, and lack of trust in institutions continue to dampen domestic and foreign investor sentiment. PUTIN has granted more influence to forces within his government that desire to reassert state control over the economy. Russia has made little progress in building the rule of law, the bedrock of a modern market economy. The government has promised additional legislative amendments to make its intellectual property protection WTO-consistent, but enforcement remains problematic.
GDP (purchasing power parity):
   $2.088 trillion (2007 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate):
   $1.286 trillion (2007 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
   8.1% (2007 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP):
   $14,700 (2007 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
   agriculture: 4.7%
industry: 39.1%
services: 56.2% (2007 est.)
Labor force:
   74.1 million (2007 est.)
Labor force - by occupation:
   agriculture: 10.8%
industry: 28.8%
services: 60.5% (November 2007 est.)
Unemployment rate:
   6.2% (2007 est.)
Population below poverty line:
   15.8% (November 2007)
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
   lowest 10%: 1.9%
highest 10%: 30.4% (September 2007)
Distribution of family income - Gini index:
   41.3 (September 2007)
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
   11.9% annual average
note: 12% at year-end (2007 est.)
Investment (gross fixed):
   21% of GDP (2007 est.)
Budget:
   revenues: $299 billion
expenditures: $262 billion (2007 est.)
Public debt:
   5.9% of GDP (2007 est.)
Agriculture - products:
   grain, sugar beets, sunflower seed, vegetables, fruits; beef, milk
Industries:
   complete range of mining and extractive industries producing coal, oil, gas, chemicals, and metals; all forms of machine building from rolling mills to high-performance aircraft and space vehicles; defense industries including radar, missile production, and advanced electronic components, shipbuilding; road and rail transportation equipment; communications equipment; agricultural machinery, tractors, and construction equipment; electric power generating and transmitting equipment; medical and scientific instruments; consumer durables, textiles, foodstuffs, handicrafts
Industrial production growth rate:
   7.4% (2007 est.)
Electricity - production:
   1 trillion kWh (2007 est.)
Electricity - production by source:
   fossil fuel: 66.3%
hydro: 17.2%
nuclear: 16.4%
other: 0.1% (2003)
Electricity - consumption:
   985.2 billion kWh (2007 est.)
Electricity - exports:
   18 billion kWh (2007)
Electricity - imports:
   2.9 billion kWh (2007 est.)
Oil - production:
   9.87 million bbl/day (2007)
Oil - consumption:
   2.916 million bbl/day (2006)
Oil - exports:
   5.08 million bbl/day (2007)
Oil - imports:
   100,000 bbl/day (2005)
Oil - proved reserves:
   60 billion bbl (1 January 2006 est.)
Natural gas - production:
   656.2 billion cu m (2007 est.)
Natural gas - consumption:
   610 billion cu m (2007 est.)
Natural gas - exports:
   182 billion cu m (2007 est.)
Natural gas - imports:
   37.5 billion cu m (2005)
Natural gas - proved reserves:
   47.57 trillion cu m (1 January 2006)
Current account balance:
   $76.6 billion (2007 est.)
Exports:
   $365 billion (2007 est.)
Exports - commodities:
   petroleum and petroleum products, natural gas, wood and wood products, metals, chemicals, and a wide variety of civilian and military manufactures
Exports - partners:
   Germany 9.5%, Netherlands 7.5%, Turkey 6%, Italy 5.6%, Ukraine 5%, China 5%, US 4.8%, Belarus 4.6%, Switzerland 4% (2006)
Imports:
   $260.4 billion (2007 est.)
Imports - commodities:
   machinery and equipment, consumer goods, medicines, meat, sugar, semifinished metal products
Imports - partners:
   Germany 16.3%, China 12.4%, Italy 5.5%, Ukraine 5.1%, Japan 4.9%, Belarus 4% (2006)
Economic aid - recipient:
   $982.7 million in FY06 from US, including $847 million in non-proliferation subsidies
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
   $476.4 billion (31 December 2007 est.)
Debt - external:
   $343.1 billion (31 December 2007)
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home:
   $271.6 billion (2006)
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad:
   $209.6 billion (2006)
Market value of publicly traded shares:
   $1.322 trillion (2006)
Currency (code):
   Russian ruble (RUB)
Currency code:
   RUR
Exchange rates:
   Russian rubles per US dollar - 25.659 (2007), 27.19 (2006), 28.284 (2005), 28.814 (2004), 30.692 (2003)
Fiscal year:
   calendar year
Communications    Russia
Telephones - main lines in use:
   40.1 million (2005)
Telephones - mobile cellular:
   150 million (2006)
Telephone system:
   general assessment: the telephone system is experiencing significant changes; there are more than 1,000 companies licensed to offer communication services; access to digital lines has improved, particularly in urban centers; Internet and e-mail services are improving; Russia has made progress toward building the telecommunications infrastructure necessary for a market economy; the estimated number of mobile subscribers jumped from fewer than 1 million in 1998 to 150 million in 2006; a large demand for main line service remains unsatisfied, but fixed-line operators continue to grow their services
domestic: cross-country digital trunk lines run from Saint Petersburg to Khabarovsk, and from Moscow to Novorossiysk; the telephone systems in 60 regional capitals have modern digital infrastructures; cellular services, both analog and digital, are available in many areas; in rural areas, the telephone services are still outdated, inadequate, and low density
international: country code - 7; Russia is connected internationally by undersea fiber optic cables; digital switches in several cities provide more than 50,000 lines for international calls; satellite earth stations provide access to Intelsat, Intersputnik, Eutelsat, Inmarsat, and Orbita systems
Radio broadcast stations:
   AM 323, FM 1,500 est., shortwave 62 (2004)
Radios:
   61.5 million (1997)
Television broadcast stations:
   7,306 (1998)
Televisions:
   60.5 million (1997)
Internet country code:
   .ru; note - Russia also has responsibility for a legacy domain ".su" that was allocated to the Soviet Union and is being phased out
Internet hosts:
   2.844 million (2007)
Internet Service Providers (ISPs):
   300 (June 2000)
Internet users:
   25.689 million (2006)
Transportation    Russia
Airports:
   1,260 (2007)
Airports - with paved runways:
   total: 601
over 3,047 m: 51
2,438 to 3,047 m: 197
1,524 to 2,437 m: 129
914 to 1,523 m: 102
under 914 m: 122 (2007)
Airports - with unpaved runways:
   total: 659
over 3,047 m: 4
2,438 to 3,047 m: 13
1,524 to 2,437 m: 69
914 to 1,523 m: 89
under 914 m: 484 (2007)
Heliports:
   47 (2007)
Pipelines:
   condensate 122 km; gas 158,699 km; oil 72,347 km; refined products 13,658 km (2007)
Railways:
   total: 87,157 km
broad gauge: 86,200 km 1.520-m gauge (40,300 km electrified)
narrow gauge: 957 km 1.067-m gauge (on Sakhalin Island)
note: an additional 30,000 km of non-common carrier lines serve industries (2006)
Roadways:
   total: 854,000 km
paved: 722,000 km (includes 29,000 km of expressways)
unpaved: 132,000 km
note: includes public, local, and departmental roads (2006)
Waterways:
   102,000 km (including 33,000 km with guaranteed depth)
note: 72,000 km system in European Russia links Baltic Sea, White Sea, Caspian Sea, Sea of Azov, and Black Sea (2006)
Merchant marine:
   total: 1,085 ships (1000 GRT or over) 4,625,858 GRT/5,721,729 DWT
by type: bulk carrier 26, cargo 677, carrier 2, chemical tanker 27, combination ore/oil 34, container 10, passenger 14, passenger/cargo 6, petroleum tanker 213, refrigerated cargo 58, roll on/roll off 11, specialized tanker 7
foreign-owned: 100 (Belgium 4, Cyprus 1, Germany 1, Greece 1, Italy 3, Latvia 2, South Korea 1, Switzerland 4, Turkey 72, Ukraine 10, US 1)
registered in other countries: 482 (Antigua and Barbuda 5, Bahamas 4, Belize 28, Bulgaria 1, Cambodia 94, Comoros 13, Cyprus 47, Dominica 3, Georgia 13, Hong Kong 1, Liberia 92, Malaysia 2, Malta 53, Marshall Islands 7, Mongolia 16, Panama 15, Sierra Leone 11, Slovakia 1, St Kitts and Nevis 21, St Vincent and the Grenadines 22, Tuvalu 2, Vanuatu 2, unknown 29) (2008)
Ports and terminals:
   Azov, Kaliningrad, Kavkaz, Nakhodka, Novorossiysk, Primorsk, Saint Petersburg, Vostochnyy
Military    Russia
Military branches:
   Ground Forces (SV), Navy (VMF), Air Forces (Voyenno-Vozdushniye Sily, VVS); Airborne Troops (VDV), Strategic Rocket Troops (Raketnyye Voyska Strategicheskogo Naznacheniya, RVSN), and Space Troops (KV) are independent "combat arms," not subordinate to any of the three branches; Russian Ground Forces include the following combat arms: motorized-rifle troops, tank troops, missile and artillery troops, air defense of ground troops (2008)
Military service age and obligation:
   18-27 years of age for compulsory or voluntary military service; males are registered for the draft at 17 years of age; service obligation - 1 year; reserve obligation to age 50; foreign citizens and dual-nationality Russians are precluded from contract military service; as of July 2008, a draft military strategy called for the draft to continue up to the year 2030 (2008)
Manpower available for military service:
   males age 16-49: 36,219,908
females age 16-49: 37,019,853 (2008 est.)
Manpower fit for military service:
   males age 16-49: 21,488,878
females age 16-49: 28,760,976 (2008 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:
   males age 16-49: 821,103
females age 16-49: 781,570 (2008 est.)
Military expenditures:
   3.9% (2005)
Transnational Issues    Russia

Disputes - international:

   China and Russia have demarcated the once disputed islands at the Amur and Ussuri confluence and in the Argun River in accordance with the 2004 Agreement, ending their centuries-long border disputes; the sovereignty dispute over the islands of Etorofu, Kunashiri, Shikotan, and the Habomai group, known in Japan as the "Northern Territories" and in Russia as the "Southern Kurils," occupied by the Soviet Union in 1945, now administered by Russia, and claimed by Japan, remains the primary sticking point to signing a peace treaty formally ending World War II hostilities; Russia and Georgia agree on delimiting all but small, strategic segments of the land boundary and the maritime boundary; OSCE observers monitor volatile areas such as the Pankisi Gorge in the Akhmeti region and the Kodori Gorge in Abkhazia; Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, and Russia signed equidistance boundaries in the Caspian seabed but the littoral states have no consensus on dividing the water column; Russia and Norway dispute their maritime limits in the Barents Sea and Russia's fishing rights beyond Svalbard's territorial limits within the Svalbard Treaty zone; various groups in Finland advocate restoration of Karelia (Kareliya) and other areas ceded to the Soviet Union following the Second World War but the Finnish Government asserts no territorial demands; in May 2005, Russia recalled its signatures to the 1996 border agreements with Estonia (1996) and Latvia (1997), when the two Baltic states announced issuance of unilateral declarations referencing Soviet occupation and ensuing territorial losses; Russia demands better treatment of ethnic Russians in Estonia and Latvia; Estonian citizen groups continue to press for realignment of the boundary based on the 1920 Tartu Peace Treaty that would bring the now divided ethnic Setu people and parts of the Narva region within Estonia; Lithuania and Russia committed to demarcating their boundary in 2006 in accordance with the land and maritime treaty ratified by Russia in May 2003 and by Lithuania in 1999; Lithuania operates a simplified transit regime for Russian nationals traveling from the Kaliningrad coastal exclave into Russia, while still conforming, as an EU member state with an EU external border, where strict Schengen border rules apply; preparations for the demarcation delimitation of land boundary with Ukraine have commenced; the dispute over the boundary between Russia and Ukraine through the Kerch Strait and Sea of Azov remains unresolved despite a December 2003 framework agreement and on-going expert-level discussions; Kazakhstan and Russia boundary delimitation was ratified on November 2005 and field demarcation should commence in 2007; Russian Duma has not yet ratified 1990 Bering Sea Maritime Boundary Agreement with the US
Refugees and internally displaced persons:
   IDPs: 18,000-160,000 (displacement from Chechnya and North Ossetia) (2007)

Trafficking in persons:

   current situation: Russia is a source, transit, and destination country for men, women, and children trafficked for various purposes; it remains a significant source of women trafficked to over 50 countries for commercial sexual exploitation; Russia is also a transit and destination country for men and women trafficked from Central Asia, Eastern Europe, and North Korea to Central and Western Europe and the Middle East for purposes of forced labor and sexual exploitation; internal trafficking remains a problem in Russia with women trafficked from rural areas to urban centers for commercial sexual exploitation, and men trafficked internally and from Central Asia for forced labor in the construction and agricultural industries; debt bondage is common among trafficking victims, and child sex tourism remains a concern
tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - Russia is on the Tier 2 Watch List for a fifth consecutive year for its failure to show evidence of increasing efforts to combat trafficking over the previous year, particularly in providing assistance to victims of trafficking; comprehensive trafficking victim assistance legislation, which would address key deficiencies, has been pending before the Duma since 2003 and was neither passed nor enacted in 2007 (2008)

Illicit drugs:
   limited cultivation of illicit cannabis and opium poppy and producer of methamphetamine, mostly for domestic consumption; government has active illicit crop eradication program; used as transshipment point for Asian opiates, cannabis, and Latin American cocaine bound for growing domestic markets, to a lesser extent Western and Central Europe, and occasionally to the US; major source of heroin precursor chemicals; corruption and organized crime are key concerns; major consumer of opiates

Offline iram

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Study Visa INFORMATION RUSSIAN / STUDY VISA REQIUREMENTS
« Reply #2 on: January 09, 2009, 08:28:27 PM »
INFORMATION FOR STUDENTS TO GETTING RUSSIAN
STUDY VISA IN PAKISTAN

 
GENERAL INFORMATION ON VISAS
 
When applying for visa, please, be advised that the permission to enter the
Russian Federation is a courtesy of the State.
 
 
 
In accordance with the International Law, the Consular Department in
certain cases reserves the right to consider your visa applications as long as
it feels necessary.
Consular Officer reserves the right to invite the Applicant for an interview
in person.
Visa can be denied if the Consular Department has serious reasons
to believe that the Applicant's visit to the Russian Federation is not desirable,
and the disclosure of the reason for the denial can be withheld.
 
Visa processing fees received from the applicant are not subject for
reimbursement in case of subsequent refusal.
 
The Consular Department of the Embassy will not bear any
responsibility for the errors in visas, which were not brought to our attention before departure from
the Islamic Republic of Pakistan
 
 
 
HOW TO APPLY 

You should apply personally at the Consular Department.
 
Please, note that drop-off day is not included in the processing period.
Visa processing period begins only after we collected all the documents required.
 
Visa Applicationform is to be filled in by the Applicant.

 
STUDY VISA REQIUREMENTS:
 
STUDENT VISA

 

          This attributes to the "long-term" students requesting entry visas.
Short-term student projects' participants should refer to the Business Visa regulations.
 
 For a Student Visa, please, submit:
 
1. Duly completed visa application form obtainable (free of charge) from the Consular Department.
 
2. Valid passport.
 
3. Original invitation from the institute/university/academy
issued by the Ministry of Interior of the Russian Federation.
 
4. Three  passport size photos.
 
5. Education certificates (must be attested by Ministry of Education).
 
6. HIV test certificate (printed and stamped) .
 

    * Medical fitness certificate (printed and stamped).
    * Up-to-date bank statement. If it is bank statement

          not of applicant but of any sponsor or relative, there should be
sponsor’s letter (affidavit), attested by the local lawyer)

    * Police Character Certificate.

 
ATTESTATION OF EDUCATION DOCUMENTS: ( CERTIFICATE, DEGREE, DIPLOMAS etc.)
 
If you are getting visa in graduate degree programs like MBBS ,
Engineering, MCS etc.
 

   1. Attest your matriculation certificate:

 
 board of intermediate and secondary education then from IBBC then ministry
of foreign affairs then ministry of education and at last Russian embassy in Islamabad.
 

   2. attest your FSC. Certificate:

 
board of intermediate and secondary education then from IBBC then ministry
of foreign affairs then ministry of education and at last Russian embassy in Islamabad.
 
 
 
IMPORTANT ADRESSES:
 
1. IBBC (Inter Board Committee of Chairman (IBCC)
 
Islamabad Head Office
 
                        Abdul Qayyum,
 
                        Assistant Secretary(Attestation & Academics),
 
                        Inter Board Committee of Chairmen,
 
                        At Federal Board of Intermediate and
 
                        Secondary Education Building,
 
                        H-8/4, Islamabad
 
                        Phone;  (051) 9235019
 
                        Fax;     (051) 9250451
 
                                    (051) 9250454
 
 
 
                        Karachi Regional Office
 
                        Assistant Secretary (Equivalence & Attestation),
 
                        Inter Board Committee of Chairmen,
 
                        At Board of Intermediate Education Building,
 
            Bakhtiari Youth Centre,
 
            North Nazimabad,
 
            Karachi-74700
 
                        Phone;   (021) 6639878                                 
 
                        Fax;       (021) 6639878         
 
                        Lahore Regional Office
 
                        Rana Mohammad Khawar Paiman,
 
                        Assistant Secretary (Equivalence and Attestation),
 
                        Inter Board Committee of Chairmen,
 
                        At Board of Intermediate and
 
                        Secondary Education Building,
 
                        86-Mozang Road, Lahore
 
                        Phone; (042) 9203893
 
                        Fax;     (042) 9203893
 
                       Peshawar Regional Office
 
                        Mr. Shafaqat Ali,
 
                        Assistant Secretary (Equivalence and Attestation),
 
                        Inter Board Committee of Chairmen,
 
                        At Board of Intermediate and
 
                        Secondary Education Building,
 
                        Jamrud Road, Peshawer
 
                        Phone;  (091) 9276454
 
                        Fax;      (091) 9276454
 
                        Quetta Regional Office
 
                        Mr. Sher Jan,
 
                        Assistant Secretary (Equivalence and Attestation),
 
                        Inter Board Committee of Chairmen,
 
                        At Board of Intermediate and
 
                        Secondary Education, Quetta
 
                        Phone;  (081) 826716
 
                        Fax;     (081) 826710
 
FOR MORE INFORMATION FOR ATTESTAION IN IBCC: http://www.ibcc.edu.pk/Attestation.asp
 
 
 
MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS, PAKISTAN
 
1. Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Constitution Avenue , Islamabad
 
051-9207895
 
  2. Camp Office Karachi, Main Shahrah-e-Faisal, Adjacent to FTC building Karachi .
 
021-9204989 021-9206690
 
 3. CampOfficeLahore , No. 1-AC Off. Club Road GOR-1, Lahore
 
042-9200247 042-9200249
 
 4. CampOfficePeshawar , No. 66-C-1, University Road , University Town Peshawar .
 
091-9218126
 
 5. Camp Office Quetta , Room 28, 2 nd Floor, Block 07, Civil Secretariat Balochistan, Quetta
 
081-9203155
 
FOR MORE INFORMATION FOR ATTESTAION IN MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRSIN PAKISTAN
 
http://www.mofa.gov.pk/Pages/Attestation_Documents.htm
 
 
MINISTRY OF EDUCATION:
 
Federal Directorate of Education,
 
Rohtas Road, Mauve Avenue, Sector G-9/4, Islamabad, Pakistan
 
Phone # 051-9260230-33
 
http://www.fde.gov.pk/
 
EMBASSY ADRESS:
 
             
 
Address: Embassy of the Russian Federation,
Diplomatic Enclave, Khyaban-e-Suhrawardy, Ramna-4, Islamabad.

Tel.  +92 (051) 260-08-13
Fax. +92 (051) 227-87-44
E-mail: russia@isb.paknet.com.pk
Office Hours: Tuesday & Thursday 9.00 a.m. to 12.00 p.m
 
You should come to diplomatic enclave Islamabad near about 7:00 am.
 
 
 
MEDICAL FITNESS CERTIFIACTE:
 
From any district hospital or easily from SHAUKAT KHANUM HOSPITAL
 
Laboratories. TAKE THESE original results to embassy.
 
 
 
BANK STATEMENT:
 
Make up to date bank statement with active transactions in last 6 months.
Minimum amount should be not less than
 
600000 pak rupees.
 
Acceptable bank statements:
 
-         your own bank statement
 
-         your parents.
 
-         Your any relative ( if statement is of one of your relative should
make affidavit from your local advocate)
 
NOTE: Statements of your friends have 90% visa refusal chance.
 
 
 
POLICE CHARACTER CERTIFICATE:
 
-         can make made only your district police officer.

VISA FEE
 
It depends on citizenship of applicant and time of issue a visa.
 
1. Single entry/transit visa Rs. 3600 (issued in 2 weeks after
the application date). (THIS OPTION IS FOR STUDY VISA)
 
2. Single entry/transit visa Rs. 5400 (issued in 1 week
after the application date).
 
3. Single entry/transit visa Rs. 10500 (issued on the application day)
URGENT.
 
5. Double/Multiple entry visa Rs. 9000 (issued in 2 weeks
after the application date)
 
4. Double/Multiple entry visa Rs. 10850 (issued in 1 week
after the application date)
 
5. Double/Multiple entry visa Rs. 15900 (issued on the application day) URGENT
 
 
DATES OF PUBLIC HOLIDAYS IN RUSSIAN EMBASSY
 
Consular Department is usually open on Tuesday and Thursday from
09.00 a.m. to 12.00 p.m. except public holidays.
 
Department will be closed for public holidays on: from 31 December
till 08 January - New Year's Holiday, 23 February - Army Day, 8 March  - Women's Day, 1 May  - Labour Day, 9 May  - Victory Day, 12 June  - Russia Day,
4 November – Day of Unity.
 
FOR MORE INFORMATION CONTACT US:
Dr.Ayyaz Hussain Kulachi
MOBILE: 0079053788249
 PHONE:0078342330375
                0078342323561
USA#:     0013609681992         
FAX:        0013198566558
EMAIL: kulachimsu@mail.ru
FROM PAKISTAN:
0 51 8340233 EXT:1457905
0 51 8340235  EXT:1457905
0 42 2008652 EXT:1457905
Dr.Muhammad Yasin Goraya
Faisalabad pakistan
Mobil: +923467634564
Dr.Zahoor Ahmad
Rahim yar khan, Pakistan
HOME: +92-068-5679215
MOBILE: +923335792756

 

Offline kulachi

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Re: MBBS IN RUSSIA
« Reply #3 on: January 23, 2009, 09:13:00 PM »
MBBS IN MORDOVIA STATE UNIVERSITYadmissions are open

session 2009/2010 intake
last date for apply 15-03-2009

MORDOVIA STATE UNIVERSITY

N. P. Ogarev's Mordovia State University (MSUO) is located in the city of Saransk, the capital of the Republic of Mordovia, Russia. It was established in October 1957 as an expansion of the Mordovian National Pedagogical Institute, established in 1931. The University offers bachelor and master degrees in various academic fields.

The courses are available in the form of full-time education, evening (part-time) curriculum, and correspondence education (6 years). The medical faculty offers 6 and 7-year programs of study.

The total student body numbers approximately 28,000 students, including international students from 8 countries.

 

Academic disciplines are offered through following academic structural units:

Academic departments

Mathematics,
Biology,
Philology,
Foreign Languages (English, German, French),
Geography,
Law / Jurisprudence,
Economics,
National (Mordvin) Culture,
Civil Engineering and Building Constructions,
Lighting Technology,
Electronics,
Academic Skills College.
Colleges (institutes)


Physics and Chemistry Institute
History and Sociology Institute
Mechanics and Power Engineering Institute
Agrarian Institute
Machine Building Institute (Ruzayevka campus )
Institute for Supplementary Training and Qualification Improvement
Medicine
A range of related faculties are grouped within the Inter-branch Regional Centre for Supplementary Training.

In addition, University divisions in other towns of Mordovia provide for educating facilities in Economics and Law Studies.
   
 

Offline study_russia

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    • Study in Russia
Re: MBBS IN RUSSIA
« Reply #4 on: January 29, 2011, 08:13:11 AM »
thanx for info, but i have found the best russian educational company to get guidence and admission in
Russia :- www.lcstudies.com